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Burmeç Monument  

The monument is in a location called Çiçeklikonak Rocks, 2.6 km north of Bayramaliler village in İhsaniye district of Afyonkarahisar. The monument was first discovered by W. M. Ramsay in 1884. It was named as Burmeç by Haspels after a nearby fountain with the same name. The local people call it Muskalı (a triangle shaped amulet) Rock due to its shape. The incomplete façade has only its pitched roof carved on a 15 m high tuff rock. Previous researchers mentioned two opposing sphinx reliefs that were barely visible on the pediment. There are no traces of them today. Middle section of the pediment was detonated by treasure hunters. It is dated to the mid-6th century BCE.  

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Brandenburg, 1906 Haspels, 1971 Tüfekçi-Sivas & Sivas, 2009 B. Bilgin, 2020 B. Bilgin, 2020

Berndt-Ersöz, S. 2006. Phrygian Rock–Cut Shrines. Structure, Function and Cult Practice, Leiden.
Haspels, C. H. E. 1971. The Highlands of Phrygia. Sites and Monuments, Princeton.
Tüfekçi-Sivas, T. & H. Sivas. 2009. Frig Vadileri (Frigler'den Türk Dönemine Uzanan Miras), T. C. Eskişehir Valiliği, Eskişehir.
Tüfekçi-Sivas, T. 1999. Eskişehir-Afyonkarahisar- Kütahya İl Sınırları İçindeki Phryg Kaya Anıtları, Anadolu Üniversitesi Yayınları No:1156, Eskişehir.
Brandenburg, E. 1906. 'Neue Untersuchungen im Gebiet der phrygischen Felsenfassaden', Abhandlungen der historischen Klasse der königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 23, 633–716.

Image sources:
E. Brandenburg, 1906
C. H. E. Haspels, 1971
T. Tüfekçi-Sivas & H. Sivas, 2009
Bora Bilgin, 2020

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